1776 by David McCulloughIn this masterful book, David McCullough tells the intensely human story of those who marched with General George Washington in the year of the Declaration of Independence - when the whole American cause was riding on their success, without which all hope for independence would have been dashed and the noble ideals of the Declaration would have amounted to little more than words on paper.
Based on extensive research in both American and British archives, 1776 is a powerful drama written with extraordinary narrative vitality. It is the story of Americans in the ranks, men of every shape, size, and color, farmers, schoolteachers, shoemakers, no-accounts, and mere boys turned soldiers. And it is the story of the Kings men, the British commander, William Howe, an his highly disciplined redcoats who looked on their rebel foes with contempt and fought with a valor too little known.
At the center of the drama, with Washington, are two young American patriots, who, at first, knew no more of war than what they had read in books - Nathaniel Green, a Quaker who was made a general at thirty-three, and Henry Knox, a twenty-five-year-old bookseller who had the preposterous idea of hauling the guns of Fort Ticonderoga overland to Boston in the dead of Winter.
But it is the American commander-in-chief who stands foremost - Washington, who had never before led an army in battle. Written as a companion work to his celebrated biography of John Adams, David McCulloughs 1776 is another landmark in the literature of American history.
American Revolution - 1776
When armed conflict between bands of American colonists and British soldiers began in April , the Americans were ostensibly fighting only for their rights as subjects of the British crown. By the following summer, with the Revolutionary War in full swing, the movement for independence from Britain had grown, and delegates of the Continental Congress were faced with a vote on the issue.
1776 in the United States
In , America voted to sever their political ties to Great Britain. Here, Jeremy Black looks at the year of the declaration, in which the rejection of British authority by American settlers led to a war that not only threatened the whole British Empire but would also, in the long term, lead to changes in its political traditions. The American Declaration of Independence, adopted on 4 July , was a key moment in the history not only of North America but also of Britain and the English-speaking world. Until that moment, it has been possible that the fighting that had started outside Boston the previous year would end in a compromise, with George III backing down, the solution indeed sought by most of the American Patriots. However, the failure to reach compromise took the Patriots to revolution.
The Fourth of July—also known as Independence Day or July 4th—has been a federal holiday in the United States since , but the tradition of Independence Day celebrations goes back to the 18th century and the American Revolution. On July 2nd, , the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence, and two days later delegates from the 13 colonies adopted the Declaration of Independence, a historic document drafted by Thomas Jefferson. From to the present day, July 4th has been celebrated as the birth of American independence, with festivities ranging from fireworks, parades and concerts to more casual family gatherings and barbecues. When the initial battles in the Revolutionary War broke out in April , few colonists desired complete independence from Great Britain, and those who did were considered radical. Livingston of New York —to draft a formal statement justifying the break with Great Britain. On July 4th, the Continental Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence , which had been written largely by Jefferson. Though the vote for actual independence took place on July 2nd, from then on the 4th became the day that was celebrated as the birth of American independence.
As of the start of , the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the year
We think of July 4, , as a day that represents the Declaration of Independence and the birth of the United States of America as an independent nation. But July 4, wasn't the day that the Continental Congress decided to declare independence they did that on July 2, And it wasn't the day Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence that was in June Or the date on which the Declaration was delivered to Great Britain that didn't happen until November Or the date it was signed that was August 2, The Continental Congress approved the final wording of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, They'd been working on it for a couple of days after the draft was submitted on July 2nd and finally agreed on all of the edits and changes.
By issuing the Declaration of Independence, adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, , the 13 American colonies severed their political connections to Great Britain. By declaring themselves an independent nation, the American colonists were able to confirm an official alliance with the Government of France and obtain French assistance in the war against Great Britain. Throughout the s and early s, the North American colonists found themselves increasingly at odds with British imperial policies regarding taxation and frontier policy. When repeated protests failed to influence British policies, and instead resulted in the closing of the port of Boston and the declaration of martial law in Massachusetts , the colonial governments sent delegates to a Continental Congress to coordinate a colonial boycott of British goods. When fighting broke out between American colonists and British forces in Massachusetts, the Continental Congress worked with local groups, originally intended to enforce the boycott, to coordinate resistance against the British. British officials throughout the colonies increasingly found their authority challenged by informal local governments, although loyalist sentiment remained strong in some areas.