Cosmology: Philosophy & Physics by Alexis KarpouzosIn modern philosophy of nature the World is unified and holistic. Cosmic Universe and Human History, microcosm and macrocosm, inorganic and living matter coexist and form a unique unity manifested in multiple forms. The Physical and the Mental constitute the form and the content of the World.
The world does not consist of subjects and objects, the “subject” and the “object” are metaphysical abstractions of the single and indivisible Wholeness. Man’s finite knowledge separates the Whole into parts and studies fragmentarily the beings. The Wholeness is manifested in multiple forms and each form encapsulates the Wholeness. The rational explanation of the excerpts and the intuitive apprehension of the Wholeness are required to combine and create the open thought and the holistic knowledge. This means that the measurement should be defined by the measure, but the responsibility for determining the measure depends on the man. This requires that man overcomes the anthropocentric arrogance and the narcissistic selfishness and he joins the Cosmic World in a friendly and creative manner.
Philosophy of Cosmology
What Is Cosmology? Definition & History
Cosmology is a branch of astronomy that involves the origin and evolution of the universe , from the Big Bang to today and on into the future. According to NASA, the definition of cosmology is "the scientific study of the large scale properties of the universe as a whole. Cosmologists puzzle over exotic concepts like string theory, dark matter and dark energy and whether there is one universe or many sometimes called the multiverse. While other aspects astronomy deal with individual objects and phenomena or collections of objects, cosmology spans the entire universe from birth to death , with a wealth of mysteries at every stage. Humanity's understanding of the universe has evolved significantly over time.
Last week I spent an enjoyable few days in Tenerife, one of the Canary Islands, for a conference on the Philosophy of Cosmology. Stephen Hawking did not actually attend our meeting — he was at the hotel for a different event. But he stopped by for an informal session on the arrow of time. Photo by Vishnya Maudlin. Talks were given by philosophers and by cosmologists; the philosophers generally gave good talks on the philosophy of physics, while some of the cosmologists gave solid-but-standard talks on cosmology. Some of the other cosmologists tried their hand at philosophy, and I thought those were generally less successful. A big part of defining an area of study is deciding on a set of questions that we all agree are worth thinking about.
Philosophical cosmology , philosophy of cosmology or philosophy of cosmos is a discipline directed to the philosophical contemplation of the universe as a totality, and to its conceptual foundations. It draws on several branches of philosophy— metaphysics , epistemology , philosophy of physics , philosophy of science , philosophy of mathematics , and on the fundamental theories of physics. Philosophical cosmology can be distinguished by two types of cosmological arguments: deductive and inductive cosmological arguments. The first type has a long tradition in the history of philosophy, proposed by thinkers like Plato , Aristotle , Descartes and Leibniz , and criticized by thinkers like David Hume , Immanuel Kant and Bertrand Russell , while the latter has been formulated by philosophers like Richard Swinburne. For Leibniz, all the plenum of the universe is entirely filled with tiny Monads , which cannot fail, have no constituent parts and have no windows through which anything could come in or go out. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Cosmology is the study of the universe, via theory and observation, of its beginning, evolution, large-scale structure, and far future. A philosophy of cosmology seeks to discern ways of knowing the universe, given that we have only the one data point one universe and we cannot conduct classic experiments on it. A philosophy also seeks implications and meaning, if any. View the discussion thread. Skip to main content.