On to Richmond!: Richmond During the Civil War by Robert M. DunkerlyOn To Richmond! cried editors for the New York Tribune in the spring of 1861. Thereafter, that call became the rallying cry for the Norths eastern armies as they marched, maneuvered, and fought their way toward the capital of the Confederacy.
Just 100 miles from Washington, DC, Richmond served as a symbol of the rebellion itself.
Richmond was home to the Confederate Congress, cabinet, president, and military leadership. And it housed not only the Confederate government but also some of the Confederacys most important industry and infrastructure. The city was filled with prisons, hospitals, factories, training camps, and government offices.
Through four years of war, armies battled at its doorsteps--and even penetrated its defenses.
Civilians felt the impact of war in many ways: food shortages, rising inflation, a bread riot, industrial accidents, and eventually, military occupation. To this day, the wars legacy remains deeply written into the city and its history.
On to Richmond!: Richmond During the Civil War by historians Doug Crenshaw and Robert M. Dunkerly tells the story of the Confederate capital before, during, and after the Civil War. This guidebook includes a comprehensive list of places to visit: the battlefields around the city, museums, historic sites, monuments, cemeteries, historical preservation groups, and more.
What Richmond Looked Like After Confederate Troops Set it on Fire
This is part of our Take a Closer Look series. This regular feature offers a behind-the-scenes view of some of our hidden treasures in our library and what they reveal about our shared past. In the earliest days of the Civil War, few expected the conflict to endure for four long years. As the Confederate capital, Richmond experienced waves of change that saw the city lurch from the untidy influx of thousands of military personnel and government officials in to the fiery evacuation of the city by Confederate forces in In that time, Richmond residents struggled with many challenges: the frequent threat of invasion; the onslaught of thousands of dead and wounded Southerners from nearby battlefields; the presence of hordes of rowdy soldiers, sutlers, and prostitutes, and hundreds of Union prisoners; and the departure of self-emancipated African Americans.
The fall of Richmond was one of the last chapters written during the Civil War. By the end of the Civil War was drawing to a close. There was only one major city left in the South and that was Richmond, which was the Confederate Capital. Richmond would be the final act of the Civil War drama that began four years earlier and had resulted in so many lives being lost. If Richmond were to fall, it would be with a fight as the South was not ready to relinquish their jewel of the Confederacy.
Log in to My Virginia.
Richmond, Virginia: Then and Now
That included burning the city to the ground as Northern troops approached. Ulysses S. Grant and his troops arrived to find Richmond on fire. By the time the destruction began, the city was mostly abandoned. Flames spread through large parts of Richmond, finally put out the following day after the Mayor and his remaining constituents reached Union lines east of the city to surrender.