Books by Subhas Chandra Bose (Author of The Indian Struggle, 1920-1942 (Netaji )
An Indian Pilgrim
Democracy Indian Style explores the social and cultural factors underlying India's successful democracy by describing and analyzing the life of Subhas Chandra Bose and his impact on India before and after independence. As a nation India is very old. Its political culture has deep roots in India's pre-colonial history, but it is also a product of Western-style democracy, which has shaped and even created the nation. The analysis is balanced between chapters that explain Bose's life and career and those that describe the Indian political system. Anton Pelinka explains India's stable democracy as a mixture of British and American patterns—Westminster parliamentary rule plus federalism—and a specific set of power-sharing arrangements among religions, linguistic groups, and castes.
Bose had been a leader of the younger, radical, wing of the Indian National Congress in the late s and s, rising to become Congress President in and Bose arrived in Germany in April , where the leadership offered unexpected, if sometimes ambivalent, sympathy for the cause of India's independence, contrasting starkly with its attitudes towards other colonised peoples and ethnic communities. The Japanese had come to support a number of puppet and provisional governments in the captured regions, such as those in Burma , the Philippines and Manchukuo. However, Bose was regarded by the Japanese as being militarily unskilled,  [n] and his military effort was short-lived. In late and early the British Indian Army first halted and then devastatingly reversed the Japanese attack on India. Almost half the Japanese forces and fully half the participating INA contingent were killed. Bose had earlier chosen not to surrender with his forces or with the Japanese, but rather to escape to Manchuria with a view to seeking a future in the Soviet Union which he believed to be turning anti-British.