The Man in the Iron Mask by Alexandre DumasHomme au masque de fer = The man in the Iron mask, Alexandre Dumas
The Man in the Iron Mask, is the name given to an unidentified prisoner who was arrested in 1669 or 1670 and subsequently held in a number of French prisons, including the Bastille and the Fortress of Pignerol. He was held in the custody of the same jailer, Bénigne Dauvergne de Saint-Mars, for a period of 34 years. He died on 19 November 1703 under the name Marchioly, during the reign of King Louis XIV of France (1643–1715). Since no one ever saw his face because it was hidden by a mask of black velvet cloth, the true identity of the prisoner remains a mystery; it has been extensively debated by historians, and various theories have been expounded in numerous books and films.
تاریخ نخستین خوانش: ماه آوریل سال 2001 میلادی
عنوان: مردی در نقاب آهنین؛ نویسنده: الکساندر دوما؛ مترجم: علی فاطمیان؛ مشخصات نشر: تهران، نشر چشم انداز : وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد، سازمان چاپ و انتشارات؛ 1379، در 240 ص، مصور؛ شابک: 9644220730؛ موضوع: داستانهای نویسندگان فرانسوی سده 19 م، فرانسه ، تاریخ ، لوئی چهاردهم 1643 تا 1715 میلادی
در روز نوزدهم ماه نوامبر سال 1703 میلادی، در زمان سلطنت لویی چهاردهم، پادشاه فرانسه، یک زندانی مرموز، که هماره ماسکی به چهره داشت در زندان باستیل میمیرد. چند روز پس از آن رخداد، مرد ناشناس را با نام: «مارشیالی» در گورستان «سن پل پاریس» دفن میکنند. این پایان سرنوشت تلخ یک انسان بیگناه بود. هشت سال پس از مرگ مرد ماسک آهنین، پرنسس پالاتین، زن برادر پادشاه فرانسه، ادعا میکند، او یک لرد انگلیسی بود، که علیه فرانسه توطئه میکرد. از آن پس، افسانه و ادبیات، به شخصیت او پرداخته، و او را تحت نام: «مردی با ماسک آهنین»، به شهرت میرسانند. در واقعیت، این مرد ناشناس، که هرگز فردی چهره اش را ندیده بود، یک ماسک از جنس مخمل، به چهره داشت، و نه یک ماسک آهنین، و گفته میشد: به دستور لویی چهاردهم، پادشاه فرانسه، او محکوم بود، همواره حتی هنگام خواب، ماسک را به چهره داشته باشد. «سن مارس»، در طول سی و پهار سال همواره مراقب اجرای این دستور لویی چهاردهم بود. درباره ی هویت این زندانی،، فرضیه های بسیاری وجود دارند. آیا همانگونه که ولتر ادعا کرده بود، او برادر دوقلوی لویی چهاردهم بود؟ یا براساس برخی شایعات، فرزند نامشروع پادشاه فرانسه بود؟ یا اینکه دوک دوبوفور، کنت دو ورماندوا یا فوکه، خزانه دار مغضوب شاه بود؟ آیا او…؟. ا. شربیانی
Mysterious 'Man in the Iron Mask' Revealed, 350 Years Later
The film centers on the aging four musketeers, Athos, Porthos, Aramis, and D'Artagnan, during the reign of King Louis XIV and attempts to explain the mystery of the Man in the Iron Mask , using a plot more closely related to the flamboyant version starring Douglas Fairbanks , The Iron Mask , and the version directed by James Whale , than to the original Dumas book. Like the version, the two aforementioned adaptations were also released through United Artists. In , the Kingdom of France faces bankruptcy from King Louis XIV's wars against the Dutch Republic , which has left the country's agriculture impeded by a heavy tax burden and forced the citizens to live on rotten food. Though the country appears to be on the verge of a revolution, Louis continues to spend his time preparing for war and seducing countless women. The three musketeers have gone their separate ways; Aramis is now an aging priest, Porthos has become a philandering drunk, and Athos is retired and living with his only son, Raoul, who aspires to join the Musketeers. Only D'Artagnan has remained with the Musketeers, now serving as their Captain.
A year-old French mystery has been unmasked: In his new book, Paul Sonnino, a professor of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara, claims he has uncovered the real identity of the mysterious Man in the Iron Mask. The Man in the Iron Mask was a prisoner arrested in and held in the Bastille and other French jails for more than three decades, until his death in His identity has been an enduring mystery because, throughout his imprisonment, the man's face was hidden by a mask, according to Sonnino. It's a mystery that evaded even famed philosopher Voltaire and writer Alexandre Dumas. Historians have discounted the theory popularized by Voltaire and Dumas that the masked man was the twin brother of Louis XIV , according to Sonnino. What they have not been able to figure out is whose valet he was, and for what possible reason he was held under tight security for over 30 years.
Sign in. Breakout star Erin Moriarty of " The Boys " shouts out her real-life super squad of actors. Watch now. A young officer, falsely imprisoned by his jealous "friends," escapes and uses a hidden treasure to exact his revenge. Despotic King Louis XIV discovers he has a twin brother who has grown up under the tutelage of his foster father, the patriotic musketeer D'Artagnan. In France in , the services of the Four Musketeers are needed again, and they run into some old foes from twenty years before.
The film was Peter Cushing 's screen debut. However, a few minutes later, a second son is born. Colbert Walter Kingsford , the king's trusted adviser, persuades the king to secretly send the second child, Philippe, away to Gascony to be raised by his majesty's dear friend, d'Artagnan Warren William , in order to avert a possible civil war later. Fouquet Joseph Schildkraut , a mere cardinal's messenger at the time, finds out about the twin and uses this to advance his career. The king is hated by the commoners for levying oppressive taxes and for executing them for not paying them. Fouquet sends soldiers to force d'Artagnan and his people to pay the taxes, though the old king had exempted him and his village from them.
The Man in the Iron Mask is a television film loosely adapted from The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas and presenting several plot similarities with the film version. It was directed by Mike Newell. In this version, the twins' ages are swapped: Philippe is the firstborn and rightful king, who had been spirited away at birth and raised with no knowledge of his true identity in a plot by Cardinal Mazarin to manipulate Louis before his own death. Colbert and D'Artagnan plot to replace Louis who is an ineffective king more interested in dancing and pleasure than the welfare of France with Philippe, and in the process bring down the corrupt finance minister Fouquet, who has embezzled from the national treasury. Louis is repulsed by his own wife and makes repeated advances on Louise, who is in turn repulsed by him yet falls in love with Philippe.