William McKinley (The American Presidents, #25) by Kevin PhillipsA bestselling historian and political commentator reconsiders McKinleys overshadowed legacy
By any serious measurement, bestselling historian Kevin Phillips argues, William McKinley was a major American president. It was during his administration that the United States made its diplomatic and military debut as a world power. McKinley was one of eight presidents who, either in the White House or on the battlefield, stood as principals in successful wars, and he was among the six or seven to take office in what became recognized as a major realignment of the U.S. party system.
Phillips, author of Wealth and Democracy and The Cousins War, has long been fascinated with McKinley in the context of how the GOP began each of its cycles of power. He argues that McKinleys lackluster ratings have been sustained not by unjust biographers but by years of criticism about his personality, indirect methodologies, middle-class demeanor, and tactical inability to inspire the American public. In this powerful and persuasive biography, Phillips musters convincing evidence that McKinleys desire to heal, renew prosperity, and reunite the country qualify him for promotion into the ranks of the best chief executives.
How the Assassination of McKinley Gave Birth to the Secret Service - History
Yellow journalism at the time urged McKinley to start a war with Spain, leading to an American global empire. As a young man, he briefly attended Allegheny College before taking a post as a country schoolteacher. When the Civil War broke out in , McKinley enlisted in the Union Army; he eventually earned the rank of brevet major of volunteers. Returning to Ohio after the war, McKinley studied law, opened his own practice in Canton, Ohio, and married Ida Saxton, the daughter of a local banker. After the deaths, in quick succession, of her mother and her two young daughters early in their marriage, Ida's health rapidly deteriorated, and she spent the rest of her life as a chronic invalid. McKinley patiently catered to his wife throughout his burgeoning political career, winning praise from the public for his loving devotion to her. McKinley entered Ohio politics in and rose through the ranks as a Republican, winning election to the U.
On September 6, , anarchist Leon Czolgosz walked up to U. After the shooting, it first appeared that President McKinley was getting better; however, he soon took a turn for the worse and died on September 14 from gangrene. The daylight assassination attempt horrified millions of Americans. On September 6, , U. President William McKinley spent the morning visiting Niagara Falls with his wife before returning to the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York in the afternoon to spend a few minutes greeting the public.
The 25th President of the United States, William McKinley, was assassinated on . Sanna Dullaway to colorize portraits of 12 American Presidents from the past.
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During his presidency, McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish—American War , raised protective tariffs to promote American industry and kept the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of free silver effectively, expansionary monetary policy. McKinley was the last president to have served in the American Civil War and the only one to have started the war as an enlisted soldier , beginning as a private in the Union Army and ending as a brevet major. After the war, he settled in Canton, Ohio , where he practiced law and married Ida Saxton. In , he was elected to Congress , where he became the Republican Party 's expert on the protective tariff , which he promised would bring prosperity. His McKinley Tariff was highly controversial, which together with a Democratic redistricting aimed at gerrymandering him out of office led to his defeat in the Democratic landslide of