Human Rights in Islam by Abul Ala MaududiSayyid Abul A’la Maududi [Abū l-Aʿlā Mawdūdī) (Urdu: ابو الاعلىٰ مودودی – alternative spellings of last name Maudoodi, Mawdudi, and Modudi) was a journalist, theologian, Muslim revivalist leader and political philosopher, and a controversial 20th century Islamist thinker in British India, and later Pakistan. He was also a political figure in Pakistan and was the first recipient of King Faisal International Award for his services 1979. He was also the founder of Jamaat-e-Islami, the Islamic revivalist party.
Sayyid Abul Ala’a Al-Mowdoodi
One of the luminaries among them, the one from whom he derived his family name, was Khawajah Qutb al-Din Maudud d. Maududi is widely considered to have been one of the most significant Muslim thinkers of the twentieth century. The movement he founded remains strong, both in the Indian sub-continent where some members have held political office in Pakistan and in Bangladesh and also in the South Asian Muslim Diaspora. With Sayyid Qutb he is often called an intellectual father of fundamentalist Islam. Passages he wrote about the legitimacy of the jihad-of-the sword are widely cited. However, his successors have used constitutional means to promote their understanding of Islam and have engaged with Western thought.
Al-Mowdoodi was born in Hyderabad, India, in He received home education before moving to formaleducation. However, his undergraduate studies in Darul Uloom, Hyderabad, were disrupted by the death of his father, and he turned on to journalism for a living, while continuing his self-education. Of particular importance is his book Islamic Law and Constitution which embodied his views on the doctrine and philosophy of Islam and the divinity of Islamic laws. He was also the founder of Jamaat-e-Islami in India, a religious political movement to promote Islamic values and principles. It is currently the oldest religious party in Pakistan. His political struggle led to his imprisonment several times.
Sayyid Abul Ala al-Maududi (Urdu: سيد ابو الاعلى مودودی, Arabic: سيد أبو الأعلى المودودي; alternative spellings of first and last names: Syed.
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Indian theologian, politician and philosopher. Sayid Abul Ala Mawdudi.
In his adult years he became convinced that Muslim thinkers must be freed from the hold that Western civilization had over them, in favor of a code of life, culture , and political and economic system unique to Islam. When Pakistan split off from India in , his efforts were instrumental in guiding the new nation away from the secularism of Western governments, and toward the formation of an Islamic state. He was imprisoned from to and again from to and was under a sentence of death for a period in He is best known for the thesis that God alone is sovereign , not human rulers, nations, or customs. Since Islam is a universal code for human life, moreover, the state must be all-embracing and must be left in the hands of Muslims, though non-believers should be allowed to live within the state as non-Muslim citizens. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.
He was the founder of the Jamaat-e-Islami , the then largest Islamic organisation in Asia. Maududi was born in Aurangabad India , then part of the princely state enclave of Hyderabad , until it returned to India in He was the youngest of three sons of  Maulana Ahmad Hasan, a lawyer by profession. Although his father was only middle-class, he was the descendant of the Chishti line of saints; in fact his last name was derived from the first member of the Chishti Silsilah, i. At an early age, until he was nine, Maududi was given home education, he "received religious nurture at the hands of his father and from a variety of teachers employed by him. When he was 11, Maududi was admitted to eighth class directly in Madrasa Fawqaniyya Mashriqiyya Oriental High School , Aurangabad , founded by Shibli Nomani , a modernist Islamic scholar trying to synthesize traditional Islamic scholarship with modern knowledge, and which awakened Maududi's long-lasting interest in philosophy particularly from Thomas Arnold , who also taught the same subject to Muhammad Iqbal as well as natural sciences , like mathematics , physics and chemistry.