Smithsonian Timelines of the Ancient World by Christopher ScarreThis full-color volume covers the span of prehistory, from the beginnings of the Earth and the emergence of mankind in Africa, through to Egypt and the pyramids, the fall of the Roman Empire, the voyages of discovery, and the height of the Inca Empire -- everything through A.D. 1500. Superbly illustrated with 1,700 color photographs of museum artifacts, archaeological finds, artists reconstructions, and specially commissioned maps, Timelines is the first comprehensive visual timechart.
Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire
Are we on the road to civilisation collapse?
What are the key dates in the timeline of Roman history? The story was that the twins Romulus and Remus, sons of the god Mars, were left to die by being put in a basket, set adrift on the river Tiber. The makeshift vessel eventually came ashore at the future site of Rome. Here, the babies were suckled by a she-wolf, then raised by a shepherd. When the twins reached adulthood, Romulus founded a city on the Palatine Hill.
Wikimedia Commons. Imagine creating a timeline of your country's whole history stretching back to its inception. It would be no small task, and simply weighing the relative importance of so many great people, technological achievements, and pivotal events would be a tiny miracle in itself. While that seems like a challenge, imagine going a few steps further. Instead of a timeline for just one country, what about creating a graphical timeline showing the history of the entire world over a 4, year time period, all while having no access to computers or the internet?
Greece is one in a constellation of ancient cultures that formed the foundations of Western civilization. Democracy, colonialism, military strategy, and much more — all can be traced back to origins in early Greek history. The Greek and Roman empires, the Sumerians of Mesopotamia, and the Egyptian dynasties are four of the most important civilizations to have influenced Western societies, even into the modern era. Establishing laws, revering one or many gods, creating voting rights for citizens, advancing science, prizing the expressive arts — we can look back to these ancient societies and recognize the seeds and sprouts that flourished in succeeding cultures. Starting before the advent of a written language, we follow the development of Greek culture, the often quarrelsome relations the Greeks had both internally and with their neighbors, and the paths that led, finally, to the demise of Greece as an international power. A fertile ground for nomadic tribes of hunter-gatherers, wandering herds of undomesticated animals, and wild-growing edible plants, the land naturally develops primitive settlements both along its coasts and interior regions. In this era are the roots of trade.
The Fall of the Roman Empire was undoubtedly an earth-shattering occurrence in Western civilization, but there isn't one single event that scholars can agree on that decisively led to the end of the glory that was Rome, nor which point on a timeline could stand as the official end. Instead, the fall was slow and painful, lasting over a period of two and a half centuries. While the Roman Republic was a time of great advances in science, art, and architecture, the "fall of Rome" refers to the end of the Roman Empire in CE. The date at which you start or end a Fall of Rome timeline is subject to debate and interpretation. One could, for example, start the decline as early as the second century CE reign of Marcus Aurelius' successor, his son Commodus who ruled — CE. This period of imperial crisis is a compelling choice and easy to understand as a starting point. This Fall of Rome timeline, however, uses standard events and marks the end with Gibbon's conventionally accepted date for the fall of Rome at CE, as described in his famous history entitled The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire.
Studying the demise of historic civilisations can tell us how much risk we face today, says collapse expert Luke Kemp. Worryingly, the signs are worsening. It was an exploration of the rise and fall of 28 different civilisations. He was right in some respects: civilisations are often responsible for their own decline. However, their self-destruction is usually assisted.