Animal Behavior and Wildlife Conservation by Marco Festa-Bianchet
Studying STEM - Animal Behaviour and Wildlife Conservation
Society for Conservation Biology
Conservation behavior is the interdisciplinary field about how animal behavior can assist in the conservation of biodiversity. Conservation behavior is aimed at applying an understanding of animal behavior to solve problems in the field of conservation biology. These are problems that may arise during conservation efforts such as captive breeding , species reintroduction , reserve connectivity , and wildlife management. By using patterns in animal behavior, biologists can be successful in these conservation efforts. This is done by understanding the proximate and ultimate causes of problems that arise.
In the face of accelerating environmental changes on both global and local scales , effective conservation work depends on our ability to not only recognize the effects that humans are having on wildlife and ecosystems, but also to understand these effects in order to be able to predict them, mitigate them, and even reverse their negative impacts., Advancement in sensor technologies has meant that field biologists are now collecting a growing mass of ever more precise data on animal behaviour.
Efforts to conserve wildlife populations and preserve biological diversity are often hampered by an inadequate understanding of animal behavior. How do animals react to gaps in forested lands, or to sport hunters? Do individual differences—in age, sex, size, past experience—affect how an animal reacts to a given situation? Differences in individual behavior may determine the success or failure of a conservation initiative, yet they are rarely considered when strategies and policies are developed. Animal Behavior and Wildlife Conservation explores how knowledge of animal behavior may help increase the effectiveness of conservation programs. The book brings together conservation biologists, wildlife managers, and academics from around the world to examine the importance of general principles, the role played by specific characteristics of different species, and the importance of considering the behavior of individuals and the strategies they adopt to maximize fitness. Each chapter begins by looking at the theoretical foundations of a topic, and follows with an exploration of its practical implications.