Winter King: Henry VII and the Dawn of Tudor England by Thomas PennIt was 1501. England had been ravaged for decades by conspiracy, violence, murders, coups and countercoups. Through luck, guile and ruthlessness, Henry VII, the first of the Tudor kings, had clambered to the top of the heap--a fugitive with a flimsy claim to Englands throne. For many he remained a usurper, a false king.
But Henry had a crucial asset: his queen and their children, the living embodiment of his hoped-for dynasty. Queen Elizabeth was a member of the House of York. Henry himself was from the House of Lancaster, so between them they united the warring parties that had fought the bloody century-long War of the Roses. Now their older son, Arthur, was about to marry a Spanish princess. On a cold November day sixteen-year-old Catherine of Aragon arrived in London for a wedding that would mark a triumphal moment in Henrys reign.
In this remarkable book, Thomas Penn re-creates the story of the tragic, magnetic Henry VII--a controlling, paranoid, avaricious monarch who was entering the most perilous years of his long reign.
Rich with drama and insight, Winter King is an astonishing story of pageantry, treachery, intrigue and incident--and the fraught, dangerous birth of Tudor England.
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42 Triumphant Facts About Henry VII, The Father Of The Tudor Dynasty
Henry VII was king of England from to He was a successful usurper, the founder of the Tudor dynasty, and an accomplished practitioner of Renaissance diplomacy. Born on Jan. The Yorkist victories of brought death to Henry VI and his son, and Henry Tudor became a refugee in Brittany as well as heir to the claims of Lancaster. Henry attempted a Lancastrian uprising in October but was balked by bad weather and Richard's soldiers. A large Welsh troop under the banner of Cadwalader were among the following of 5, with whom Henry won the Battle of Bosworth Field Aug. There were only three post combat "reprisal slayings" at Bosworth, and Henry made broad use of "temporary forfeiture" to encourage former opponents to earn back their estates by service to the king.
Was he just a thin and austere namesake of his corpuscular and indulgent son, the more famous Henry VIII? After all, few monarchs since William the Conqueror had come from such humble backgrounds. Though he descended from Welsh butlers, Henry ended his life as King of England. How did he turn a shipwreck into a political opportunity? What was the deal-breaking dating faux-pas that left him single forever? His mother, Lady Margaret Beaufort, was only 13 years old when he was born. She would never conceive again.
In need of a male heir, he got his marriage to Catherine of Aragon annulled in order to marry the ambitious noblewoman Anne Boleyn, inadvertently starting a revolution in the process. When Anne produced only a daughter as well, Henry had her executed for adultery and treason and immediately married Jane Seymour, who produced the much-desired son, but died in childbirth. His fourth marriage, a political match with Anne of Cleves, lasted only a few days, while number five, Catherine Howard, met the same fate as Anne Boleyn. His last wife, Catherine Parr, outlived Henry. With all that fuss over a son, it was his daughter with Anne Boleyn who ended up as the longest-reigning Tudor monarch, Queen Elizabeth I. Though Henry VIII showed little talent as a general, England was constantly at war during his reign, with not much to show for it in the end.
He played a significant role in the English Reformation, instigating the Church of England's break from Rome in in order to marry his second wife, Anne Boleyn.
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42. Born in Bloodshed
He was the first monarch of the House of Tudor. He was the last king of England to win his throne on the field of battle. Henry was successful in restoring the power and stability of the English monarchy after the civil war.
He loved spending money. The Tudor era was a time of great change, new ideas were emerging about science, art, design and culture, and great sailing expeditions uncovered new lands. But, in his later years, all that indulgence took its toll on his physical health. At the age of 50 he had a inch cm waist! One of the biggest changes that Henry brought about during his reign was the English Reformation.
Marie Swan , Updated August 31, The subject of countless stories, TV programs, and movies, Henry VIII is most famous for being hugely fat, having a fixation with beheadings , and for having no fewer than six wives during the course of his nearly year reign. However, it might surprise you to learn that there was a lot more to this Tudor king than meets the eye. Henry VIII did a lot more during his reign than order executions and gain weight. Here, we look at ten amazing things that we bet you were never told about this much-married monarch. All of the portraits that we see today of King Henry usually show him as a massively overweight old man with a beard.