Sharia Law for Non-Muslims by Bill WarnerIslam is a political system with its own body of laws called Sharia. Sharia law is based on entirely different principles than our laws. Many of these laws concern the non-Muslim.
What does Sharia law mean for the citizens of this state? How will this affect us? What are the long-term effects of granting Muslims the right to be ruled by Sharia, instead of our laws? Each and every demand that Muslims make is based on the idea of implementing Sharia law in America. Should we allow any Sharia at all? Why? Why not?
How can any political or legal authority make decisions about Sharia law if they do not know what it is? Is this moral?
The answers to all of these questions are found in this book.
Shariah Law: The Five Things Every Non-Muslim (and Muslim) Should Know
The tragic incidents of September 11 have shocked the world. It is unthinkable that anyone could be so full of hate as to commit such heinous acts and kill so many innocent people. We people of Muslim origin are as much shaken as the rest of the world and yet we find ourselves looked upon with suspicion and distrust by our neighbours and fellow citizens. We want to cry out and tell the world that we are not terrorists, and that those who perpetrate such despicable acts are murderers and not part of us. This is all the work of a few misguided individuals at the fringes of society. The real Islam is sanctified from violence. We denounce all violence.
Traditional theory of Islamic jurisprudence recognizes four sources of sharia : the Quran, sunnah authentic hadith , qiyas analogical reasoning , [note 1] and ijma juridical consensus. Classical jurisprudence was elaborated by private religious scholars , largely through legal opinions fatwas issued by qualified jurists muftis. It was historically applied in sharia courts by ruler-appointed judges , who dealt mainly with civil disputes and community affairs. In the modern era, traditional laws in the Muslim world have been widely replaced by statutes inspired by European models. The role of sharia has become a contested topic around the world. Jan Michiel Otto distinguishes four senses conveyed by the term sharia in religious, legal and political discourse: .
Shariah is the law of the Qur'an and literally means "A path to life giving water. Therefore, Shariah is actually ingrained in Abrahamic tradition. Shariah is comprised of five main branches: adab behavior, morals and manners , ibadah ritual worship , i'tiqadat beliefs , mu'amalat transactions and contracts and 'uqubat punishments. These branches combine to create a society based on justice, pluralism and equity for every member of that society. Furthermore, Shariah forbids that it be imposed on any unwilling person.
Under sharia , the dhimmi communities were usually governed by their own laws in place of some of the laws applicable to the Muslim community. For example, the Jewish community in Medina was allowed to have its own Halakhic courts ,  and the Ottoman millet system allowed its various dhimmi communities to rule themselves under separate legal courts. These courts did not cover cases that involved religious groups outside of their own community, or capital offences. Dhimmi communities were also allowed to engage in certain practices that were usually forbidden for the Muslim community, such as the consumption of alcohol and pork. Historically, dhimmi status was originally applied to Jews , Christians , and Sabians. This status later also came to be applied to Zoroastrians , Hindus , Jains and Buddhists. Moderate Muslims generally reject the dhimma system as inappropriate for the age of nation-states and democracies.