Comfort Women: A History of Japanese Forced Prostitution During the Second World War by Wallace EdwardsOne of the worst cases of sex slavery happened during the most violent time in modern history....Japan during the Second World War. The Rape of Nanking is well known, but what isnt is the systematic kidnapping and murdering of young girls in Korea, Indonesia, and all over Asia. Different estimates say between 20,000 and 400,000 women from all over Asian were forced into prostitution to comfort the soldiers. Some survived to tell their stories. The majority did not.
This book gives the often forgotten history of how it happened, who was involved, how they were treated, and the denials and apologies that came years later.
What The Japanese Think Of Prostitution - ASIAN BOSS
Japan's shifting attitudes toward prostitution
In August, Amnesty International voted to support the decriminalization of prostitution. In a paper for U. Rowley described a similar fight that played out in Japan in the s with sex workers unsuccessfully fighting to keep their jobs legal. At the time, Rowley writes, about half a million women worked full- or part-time as prostitutes in Japan. One source put their typical earnings at 30, yen per month in take-home pay, at least three times as much as the salary of a typist, phone operator, or factory worker. The economics of sex work rested partly on patronage from U.
Since sexual intercourse for money is officially prohibited, the sex industry in Japan has developed into a variety of forms. Soaplands are bath houses where customers are soaped up and serviced by staff. Fashion health shops and pink salons are notionally massage or esthetic treatment parlors; image clubs are themed versions of the same. Call girls operate via delivery health services. Outcall call girl businesses distribute advertising handouts to home and apartment mailboxes, telephone booths , public toilets and the like in big cities in Japan. There are also numerous websites to find these businesses or other similar businesses.
Image Source: Queensland Art Gallery. In the eyes of most, the modern sex worker is often reduced to being merely a victim of circumstance or a product of poor lifestyle choices. Yet these preconceived notions ignore the varied, complex history of prostitution around the world. Across the centuries and the globe, there have been many places and times in which both prostitutes themselves and their relationship to society differ sharply from the typical modern, American perspective…. Italian courtesans knew freedom like no other prostitutes of the Renaissance period. While most women during this time were only truly able to educate themselves if they were sent to a convent, courtesans were able to study freely. Furthermore, courtesans were able to obtain the same security and stability as married women, and, unlike married women, they were actually able to embrace their sexuality.
History Of Prostitution: Renaissance Italy
It exalts some, degrades others. It generates offspring. Taboos concerning it are as old as humanity. Laws regulating it predate civilization. Nowhere is the human libido absolutely unfettered.
Their art and fashions often set trends and, because of this, cultural aspects of oiran traditions continue to be preserved to this day. Courtesan culture arose in the early Edo period — Although there were many such quarters, the three with the most lasting prominence were the Shimabara in Kyoto , the Shinmachi in Osaka , and in Edo present-day Tokyo , the Yoshiwara. These rapidly grew into large, self-contained neighborhoods offering all manner of entertainment, including fine dining, free performances, and frequent festivals and parades. Oiran also learned to play the koto , shakuhachi , tsuzumi hand drum , and shamisen. Within the pleasure quarters, courtesans' prestige was based on their beauty, character, education, and artistic ability, rather than their birth. The word "oiran" therefore appeared in the Yoshiwara as a polite term of address for any remaining woman of courtesan rank.
Prostitution in Japan has existed throughout the country's history. While the Anti-Prostitution Law of states that "No person may either do prostitution or become the customer of it", loopholes, liberal interpretations and loose enforcement of the law have allowed the sex industry to prosper and earn an estimated 2. From the 15th century, Chinese , Koreans , and other East Asian visitors frequented brothels in Japan. This practice later continued among visitors from " the Western regions", mainly European traders who often came with their South Asian lascar crew in addition to African crew members, in some cases. These mistaken assumptions were due to the Indian state of Goa being a central base for the Portuguese East India Company and due to a significant portion of the crew on Portuguese ships being Indian Christians. Portuguese visitors and their South Asian and African crew members often engaged in slavery in Japan.