English Civil War: A History From Beginning to End by Hourly HistoryEnglish Civil War
In 1642, King Charles I and the elected Parliament of England went to war over the future of the Stuart kingdom. Over the next nine years three Civil Wars would be fought, devastating the populations of England, Scotland and Ireland and claiming a death toll of an estimated 800,000 people, including King Charles I himself.
Inside you will read about...- Reasons to go to War
- The First English Civil War: Choose Your Side
- The First English Civil War: The War Begins
- The First English Civil War: The War Spreads
- The First English Civil War: A New Model Army
- The Second Civil War
- The Third Civil War
With the authority of the monarchy, the freedom of Parliament and the power of religion at stake, the English Civil Wars decided the future of the Great Britain and influenced the future of politics around the world.
TO KILL A KING "Roundheads storm Parliament & Holles escapes"
Third English Civil War
The war began as a result of a conflict over the power of the monarchy and the rights of Parliament. Though the Royalists won early victories, the Parliamentarians ultimately triumphed. Known as the the Commonwealth of England, this state later became the Protectorate under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell — Though Charles II — was invited to take the throne in , Parliament's victory established the precedent that the monarch could not rule without the consent of Parliament and placed the nation on the path towards a formal parliamentary monarchy. Assembling an ill-trained force of around 20, men, Charles marched north in the spring of Reaching Berwick on the Scottish border, he encamped and soon entered into negotiations with with the Scots. The resulting Treaty of Berwick, signed on June 19, , temporarily defused the situation.
The civil wars of seventeenth-century England also involved the two other kingdoms ruled by the Stuart dynasty, Scotland and Ireland. The invasion of England by a Scottish army seeking religious concessions in and again in precipitated political deadlock in London, which paved the way for a rebellion by Catholic Ireland October The struggle between King Charles I and his Westminster Parliament over who should control the army needed to crush the Irish insurrection in turn provoked the outbreak of civil war in England August Initially northern and western England, together with much of Ireland, stood for the king, while the southeast including London , the Royal Navy, and Scotland fought for Parliament. However, at Marston Moor July 2, Charles lost control of the north; and the following year, at Naseby June 14, the Parliamentary forces led by Oliver Cromwell routed his main field army.
The English Civil War — was a series of civil wars and political machinations between Parliamentarians " Roundheads " and Royalists " Cavaliers " principally over the manner of England's governance. The first — and second — wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third — saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September The outcome of the war was threefold: the trial and execution of Charles I ; the exile of his son, Charles II ; and the replacement of English monarchy with, at first, the Commonwealth of England — and then the Protectorate under the personal rule of Oliver Cromwell — and briefly his son Richard — In England, the monopoly of the Church of England on Christian worship was ended, while in Ireland the victors consolidated the established Protestant Ascendancy. Constitutionally, the wars established the precedent that an English monarch cannot govern without Parliament 's consent, although the idea of Parliamentary sovereignty was only legally established as part of the Glorious Revolution in
In the 19th century, Whig historians saw the Civil War as one more step towards England becoming a successful Protestant democracy. They were opposed by Tory historians , who presented Charles as the defender of the Church of England, betrayed by his Parliament.
every action does not need a reaction
Charles I, Civil War and the Restoration
The wars in England were part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms , being fought contemporaneously with equivalents in Scotland and Ireland., The English Civil Wars are traditionally considered to have begun in England in August , when Charles I raised an army against the wishes of Parliament , ostensibly to deal with a rebellion in Ireland. Throughout the s, war between king and Parliament ravaged England, but it also struck all of the kingdoms held by the house of Stuart —and, in addition to war between the various British and Irish dominions, there was civil war within each of the Stuart states.