Up from Slavery Quotes by Booker T. Washington
Up from Slavery Chapter 10 Summary
Washington describes Christmas in Alabama, which provides him with a deep glimpse into the lives of former slaves. During slavery, Christmas was the one time of year that slaves did not have to work. Because of this, during his first Christmas in Tuskegee, Washington finds it impossible to convince anyone to work after Christmas Eve. The holiday lasts for a week. Washington contrasts this first Christmas in Tuskegee with later memories of Tuskegee students and the good works they do. He recounts a story when Tuskegee students spent the holiday rebuilding a cabin for an elderly member of the community. Washington describes the effort he put forth to make Tuskegee a part of the community, rather than a foreign institution.
Washington, B. Washington, Booker T.. Lit2Go Edition. September 26, Booker T. From the very beginning, at Tuskegee, I was determined to have the students do not only the agricultural and domestic work, but to have them erect their own buildings. My plan was to have them, while performing this service, taught the latest and best methods of labour, so that the school would not only get the benefit of their efforts, but the students themselves would be taught to see not only utility in labour, but beauty and dignity; would be taught, in fact, how to lift labour up from mere drudgery and toil, and would learn to love work for its own sake.
Up from Slavery is the autobiography of American educator Booker T. Washington — The book describes his personal experience of having to work to rise up from the position of a slave child during the Civil War , to the difficulties and obstacles he overcame to get an education at the new Hampton Institute , to his work establishing vocational schools—most notably the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama —to help black people and other disadvantaged minorities learn useful, marketable skills and work to pull themselves, as a race, up by the bootstraps. He reflects on the generosity of both teachers and philanthropists who helped in educating blacks and Native Americans. He describes his efforts to instill manners, breeding, health and a feeling of dignity to students. His educational philosophy stresses combining academic subjects with learning a trade something which is reminiscent of the educational theories of John Ruskin. Washington explained that the integration of practical subjects is partly designed to reassure the white community as to the usefulness of educating black people.
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Washington's plan at Tuskegee was to have students do not only the agricultural and domestic work, but also to construct their own buildings. They were to be taught the best methods for doing so, so that not only would the school benefit from their labor, but also students would learn to love labor for its own sake. While some doubted the wisdom of his plan, over nineteen years 36 of 40 buildings at Tuskegee were built nearly entirely using student labor. During this process, hundreds of men learned mechanical skills, such that by the time of the book's publication any building could be entirely constructed by Tuskegee instructors and students, from drawing plans to installing electrical fixtures. The most trying experience in those days was attempting to make bricks. The bricks were needed to construct Tuskegee buildings, but also there was a demand in the general market.
In Chapter 10 of Booker T. Booker explained that from the beginning he wanted his students to not only tend to the agricultural and domestic work at the school, but also erect their own buildings. He knew some mistakes would be made, but in the end the students would learn to love work. At the time Booker was writing, thirty six buildings on the campus of Tuskegee were built exclusively on student labor. While they built these building, there was not one place in Tuskegee to buy bricks, so the school had to make there own bricks with there own kilns.