Neo-Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism by Kwame NkrumahKwame Nkrumahs Neo-Colonialism is the classic statement on the post-colonial condition. African, Caribbean and Third World nation-states after flag independence find they have achieved government or state power but still cannot control the political economies of their country as they appear to be directed from the outside by multi-national corporations. Many African Americans use this analysis to suggest even when Black people win elections they really are not in charge and this is consistent with the theory found in this work. The problem with this approach is twofold. First, why do people still strive to get state power under capitalism in the name of independence if it is clear there will be no sovereignty? Why is it seen as a radical analysis? If the nation-state under capitalism secures no sovereignty then why not permanently organize resistance outside state power? Neo-colonialism is an application of Lennins last writings, where he said there would be no socialism in Russia, to the African world. It deceivingly sets up terms for valuating statesmen as progressive when they actually attack the independent self-mobilization of independent people of color, especially workers, at the post-colonial moment. When Nkrumah came up with this theory in Ghana that was in fact what he was doing. He was overthrown the next year and many blamed the CIA. Instead, we need to ask why he did not retain the support of the people of Ghana? Still a classic of political theory, which need not be true for all time, still addresses the questions humans are perennially asking.
Top 6 Reasons of Emergence of Neo-Colonialism
Neocolonialism can be defined as the continuation of the economic model of colonialism after a colonized territory has achieved formal political independence. This concept was applied most commonly to Africa in the latter half of the twentieth century. European countries had colonized most of the continent in the late nineteenth century, instituting a system of economic exploitation in which African raw materials, particularly cash crops and minerals, were expropriated and exported to the sole benefit of the colonizing power. The idea of neocolonialism, however, suggests that when European powers granted nominal political independence to colonies in the decades after World War II, they continued to control the economies of the new African countries. The concept of neocolonialism has several theoretical influences.
As defined by Kwame Nkrumah — the first president of an independent Ghana — the concept of neo-colonialism warns us of the potential regressive impact of unregulated forms of aid, trade and foreign direct investment in relation to poverty reduction and wellbeing in African countries. It does not deny that African elites may engage in wrongdoing — whether corruption, nepotism or human rights abuses. On the contrary, it asks us to acknowledge — and contextualise — instances of mal-governance in terms of how external donors and companies often enable and encourage such actions to preserve lucrative economic arrangements. Less than a year after it was released, President Nkrumah was overthrown in a military coup abetted by Washington. My book, published in , is written 60 years after Nkrumah led Ghana to a legal form of independence from British Empire in This is a tragedy — one which external donors and corporations continue to exacerbate. Namely, subsistence farmers appear to be dispossessed in favour of the agribusiness needs of corporate NAFSN partners including in export crop sectors such as palm oil.
Neocolonialism , neo-colonialism , or neo-imperialism is the practice of using capitalism , globalisation and cultural imperialism to influence a developing country instead of the previous colonial methods of direct military control imperialism or indirect political control hegemony. Coined by the French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre in ,   it was first used by Kwame Nkrumah in the context of African countries undergoing decolonisation in the s.
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