Administrative Behavior by Herbert A. SimonIn this fourth edition of his ground-breaking work, Herbert A. Simon applies his pioneering theory of human choice and administrative decision-making to concrete organizational problems. To commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the books original publication, Professor Simon enhances his timeless observations on the human decision-making process with commentaries examining new facets of organizational behavior. Investigating the impact of changing social values and modem technology on the operation of organizations, the new ideas featured in this revised edition update a book that has become a worldwide classic.
Named by Public Administration Review as Book of the Half Century, Administrative Behavior is considered one of the most influential books on social science thinking, and was referred to by the Nobel Committee as epoch-making.
Written for managers and other professionals who wish to understand the decision-making processes at the heart of organization and management, it is also essential reading for students in business and management, economics, sociology, psychology computer science, government, and law.
2.10 (1/3) - Herbert Simon: Decision-Making Theory (UPSC Public Administration by Ashish)
Herbert A. Simon
Herbert Simon made key contributions to enhance our understanding of the decision-making process. In fact, he pioneered the field of decision support systems. According to Simon and his later work with Newell , decision-making is a process with distinct stages. He suggested for the first time the decision-making model of human beings. The figure given below depicts Simon's decision-making model clearly.
The paper aims to explore the life and contributions of one of the most influential management scholars Herbert A. Simon , who is known as the founder and contributor to many scientific fields. Simon's interdisciplinary approach in conducting his research in management has made him a significant figure in many disciplines. The paper is of a qualitative nature, and information is collected from the books and articles that are written by Simon as well as those who have been familiar with his work. It explores the tenets of the classical and neoclassical approach to decision making and argues that because of Simon's work, attention was diverted from concentration on studying the organizational structure to the behavior of the decision makers during the process of making decisions. This new orientation brought more attention to the behavioral approach in studying decision making in organizations. This paper also deals with Simon's view on the role of intuition in decision making and explores the practicality of using his model in the real world.
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Notably, Simon was among the pioneers of several modern-day scientific domains such as artificial intelligence , information processing , decision-making , problem-solving , organization theory , and complex systems. He was among the earliest to analyze the architecture of complexity and to propose a preferential attachment mechanism to explain power law distributions. His father, Arthur Simon — , was a Jewish  electrical engineer who had come to the United States from Germany in after earning his engineering degree from the Technische Hochschule of Darmstadt.
The decision-making as a process of administration has a wide range of application mainly in public administration and at the beginning of the fifties of last century it came to the limelight. Behind this the work of a celebrity of public administration was active and he was H. Herbert Simon divided the concept into two main parts—one is decision— being arrived at and process of action. Mere making of decision is not enough and therefore its implementation. Herbert Simon once said: a theory of administration should be concerned with the processes of decision as well as the processes of action.