The Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Catherine II and the Ottoman Empire by Brian L. DaviesThe Russo-Turkish War was one of the most decisive conflicts of the 18th century. In this book, Brian Davies offers a thorough survey of the war and explains why it was crucial to the political triumph of Catherine the Great, the southward expansion of the Russian Empire, and the rollback of Ottoman power from southeastern Europe.
The war completed the incorporation of Ukraine into the Russian Empire, ended the independence of the great Cossack hosts, removed once and for all the military threat from the Crimean Khanate, began the partitions of Poland, and encouraged Catherine II to plan projects to complete the liberation of the lower Danubian and Balkan Slavs and Greeks. The war legitimated and secured the power of Catherine II, finally made the Pontic steppe safe for agricultural colonization, and won ports enabling Russia to control the Black Sea and become a leading grain exporter. Traditionally historians (Sorel, for example) have treated this war as the beginning of the Eastern Question, the question of how the European powers should manage the decline of the Ottoman Empire.
A thorough grasp of the Russo-Turkish War is essential to understanding the complexity and volatility of diplomacy in 18th-century Europe. This book will be an invaluable resource for all scholars and students on European military history and the history of Eastern Europe.
The Russo-Turkish Wars
The Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774
Brian Davies has already become a recognised expert in the military history of Russia before the reign of Peter the Great, having published extensively on steppe warfare before and on the establishment of a Russian military and administrative presence on the southern borderlands in the seventeenth century. He is now establishing his reputation as an eighteenth-century Russian military specialist with a particular focus on warfare in the south. These were the wars which led to the territorial expansion of Russia to the northern coast of the Black Sea, the acquisition of a large part of what had been the eastern lands of Poland—Lithuania and the conquest of the Crimea or, put another way, finally established Russia Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account?
By Brian L. London: Bloomsbury, Davies continues his exploration of the political consolidation of the Pontic Steppe in the early modern era. Davies views this neglected war as a critical moment in the political reorganization of the Russian-Ottoman borderlands, the military-administrative development of the Russian Empire, and the reign of Catherine II Catherine the Great. The war and the subsequent Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji set the stage for ongoing Russian involvement in Moldovia and Wallachia, the eventual separation of Greece from the Ottoman Empire, and the growth of Russian influence in the Black Sea region. Davies lays out the events of the war from beginning to end. He draws primarily upon Russian-language published sources and scholarly literature in Russian and English and notes that his lack of knowledge of Turkish prevents him from making full use of Ottoman accounts of the war.
September 25 October 6 , began the Russo-Turkish war - one of the most significant wars between the Russian and Ottoman empires, as a result of which Kerch, Yenikale and Kinburn, the lands between the Dnieper and the Bug were attached to Russia and the Crimean Khanate gained independence under the protection of Russia. Attempts of Turkish troops to break through to the heart of Russia were suppressed by the Russian Army under the command of P. Rumyantsev won a number of decisive victories at Larga and Kagul. Meanwhile the Russian squadron commanded by G. Spiridov for the first time in history managed to transfer from the Baltic Sea around Europe to the eastern part of the Mediterranean, having no bases en route and in condition of hostile attitude on the part of France. As a result it appeared in the rear of the Turkish Navy. Having successfully overcome the hardships of half a year navigation, Russian sailors crushed a defeat on the Turkish Navy in the Mediterranean Sea.
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Russian Empire. Ottoman Empire. The Russo-Turkish War of — was a major armed conflict that saw Russian arms largely victorious against the Ottoman Empire. Russia's victory brought Kabardia , part of Moldavia , the Yedisan between the rivers Bug and Dnieper , and Crimea into the Russian sphere of influence. Though a series of victories accrued by the Russian Empire led to substantial territorial conquests, including direct conquest over much of the Pontic—Caspian steppe , less Ottoman territory was directly annexed than might otherwise be expected due to a complex struggle within the European diplomatic system to maintain a balance of power that was acceptable to other European states and avoided direct Russian hegemony over Eastern Europe.